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Domain Name & Web Hosting

April 22, 2018 Technology

Web hosting is a service that provides individuals, organizations and users with online systems for storing information, images, video, or any content accessible via the Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server they own for use by their clients as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Web hosts can also provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for servers they do not own to be located in their data center.

The scopes of hosting services vary widely. The most basic is file hosting (or Web page hosting), where Web pages and other files can be uploaded via FTP or a Web interface. The files are usually delivered to the Web “as is” or with little processing. Many ISPs offer this service for free to its subscribers. People can also obtain Web page hosting from services such as GeoCities or Yahoo!. Web page hosting is typically free, advertisement sponsored, or cheap.


Steps to perform a web host


  1. You find the best web hosting plan that will fit your needs – that’s the major point of the hosting plans database on this site.
  2. You sign up (probably using a credit card) with that web host. You choose how often you will be charged (usually monthly to yearly).
  3. You get a confirmation email (or see the info displayed in your browser) with so-called name servers and other data that you may need (such as temporary address where you can see your site and the web address of the control panel for your site).
  4. You login to the account you created when you have registered your domain name (see above) and you change your domain’s name servers to those that you received in the previous step.
  5. You upload all the HTML, graphics, and programming files that were created when you designed your site (see above) from your hard drive to your hosting account. This can be done either by using an FTP client such as the one built-in to your operating system (or for example CuteFTP or WS_FTP), by using your web page editor such as FrontPage, or by using the control panel of your site.
  6. After your name servers changes propagate across the Internet (usually up to 48 hours), you will be able to access your new web site at your domain name. Even before that, you can usually see your site at the temporary address you were given in step 3.


Some Frequently asked Questions about hosting


What is bandwidth? 
Bandwidth is the amount of data that can be transmitted at a given moment to a server. The higher your bandwidth, the larger amount of traffic your site can handle at one time.


Is unlimited bandwidth possible? 
No. Offering unlimited bandwidth or disk space is simply not possible as all hardware has limitations.


How do I upload files to my hosting account? 
You will need an FTP (File Transfer Protocol) program like WS FTP.


What is uptime? 
Your uptime is the percentage of time that your web site is reachable. Most web host will offer 99% or more uptime (excluding scheduled maintenance).


What is the cgi-bin?
The cgi-bin is a directory set aside by your host where you can store and run your cgi scripts. Although most host allow cgi scripts to be used in any directory, this is usually defualt directory for cgi scripts.


What is a subdomain? 
A subdomain is a sub directory you can add to your site. For example: This is very useful if you run a large site and would like to break it up into sections.


What is .htaccess? 
The .htaccess file is an ordinary text file that you can create using Notepad or any text editor and ftp it into your Web root directory. This file will contain the configuration statements (commands) to customize the Apache Web server software for your Website. The .htaccess file can be used to password protect directories and many other things, but if your not careful can really harm your website. If you make a mistake with .htaccess you will need to delete it from your server or upload a new one. Always keep backups.


What is SSI? 
SSI, or Server-Side Include, is a type of HTML comment that directs the Web server to dynamically generate data for the Web page whenever it is requested. Web pages that use SSIs often end with a .shtml extension, though this is not a requirement.


What is telnet?
Telnet is a user command and an underlying TCP/IP protocol for accessing remote computers. On the Web, HTTP and FTP protocols allow you to request specific files from remote computers, but not to actually be logged on as a user of that computer. With Telnet, you log on as a regular user with whatever privileges you may have been granted to the specific application and data on that computer.


What are cron jobs? 
Cron jobs are set in crontabs (or cron tables) on a server. Cron Jobs are used when you need to run a script or execute a command on a certain schedule. For example, your could set a crontab to do a backup every few hours.

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